For other people named Mike Tyson, see .
Michael Gerard Tyson (born June 30, 1966) is an American former who competed from 1985 to 2005. He reigned as the world champion and holds the record as the youngest boxer to win a heavyweight title at 20 years, four months and 22 days old. Tyson won his first 19 professional fights by or , 12 of them in the first round. He won the title in 1986 after stopping in the second round, and added the and titles after defeating and in 1987. This made Tyson the first heavyweight boxer to simultaneously hold the WBA, WBC and IBF titles, and the only heavyweight to successively unify them.
Tyson became the in 1988 when he knocked out in 91 seconds of the first round. He successfully defended his titles nine times, which included victories over and . In 1990, Tyson lost the titles to underdog , who knocked him out in the tenth round. Attempting to regain the titles, Tyson defeated twice in 1991, but pulled out of a fight with then-undisputed heavyweight champion (who had defeated Douglas later in 1990) due to a rib injury.
In 1992, Tyson was convicted of rape and sentenced to six years in prison, but was released on parole after serving three years. During his incarceration, Tyson converted to . After his release in 1995, he engaged in a series of comeback fights. He won the WBC and WBA titles in 1996, after stopping and . With his defeat of Bruno, Tyson joined , , , , and as the only men in boxing history to have regained a heavyweight championship after having lost it. After being stripped of the WBC title in the same year, Tyson by an eleventh round stoppage. Their ended when Tyson was disqualified for biting Holyfield's ears.
In 2002, Tyson fought for the world heavyweight title again at the age of 35, losing by knockout to . Tyson retired from professional boxing in 2006, after being knocked out in consecutive matches against and . Tyson declared bankruptcy in 2003, despite having received over million for several of his fights and 0 million during his career. At the time the media reported that he had approximately million of debt.
Tyson was well known for his ferocious and intimidating boxing style as well as his controversial behavior inside and outside the ring. Nicknamed "Iron" and "Kid Dynamite" in his early career, and later known as "The Baddest Man on the Planet," Tyson is considered one of the best heavyweights of all time. Tyson holds the in heavyweight history at 8 consecutive defenses. He currently ranks #15 in 's ranking of the greatest boxers in history. He was ranked No. 16 on 's list of 100 greatest punchers of all time, and No. 1 in the ESPN.com list of "The Hardest Hitters in Heavyweight History." described him as "perhaps the most ferocious fighter to step into a professional ring." He has been inducted into the and the World Boxing Hall of Fame.
Michael Gerard Tyson was born in , , on June 30, 1966. He has an elder brother named Rodney (born c. 1961) and had an elder sister named Denise, who died of a heart attack at age 24 in February 1990.
Tyson's biological father is listed as "Purcell Tyson" (who was from Jamaica) on his birth certificate, but the man Tyson had known as his father was Jimmy Kirkpatrick. Kirkpatrick was from Grier Town, North Carolina (a predominantly black neighborhood that was annexed by the city of ), where he was one of the neighborhood's top baseball players. Kirkpatrick married and had a son, Tyson's half-brother Jimmie Lee Kirkpatrick, who would help to integrate Charlotte high school football in 1965. In 1959, Jimmy Kirkpatrick left his family and moved to Brooklyn, where he met Tyson's mother, Lorna Mae (Smith) Tyson. Mike Tyson was born in 1966. Kirkpatrick frequented pool halls, gambled and hung out on the streets. "My father was just a regular street guy caught up in the street world," Tyson said. Kirkpatrick abandoned the Tyson family around the time Mike was born, leaving Tyson's mother to care for the children on her own. Kirkpatrick died in 1992.
The family lived in until their financial burdens necessitated a move to when Tyson was 10 years old. Tyson's mother died six years later, leaving 16-year-old Tyson in the care of boxing manager and trainer , who would become his legal guardian. Tyson later said, "I never saw my mother happy with me and proud of me for doing something: she only knew me as being a wild kid running the streets, coming home with new clothes that she knew I didn't pay for. I never got a chance to talk to her or know about her. Professionally, it has no effect, but it's crushing emotionally and personally."
Throughout his childhood, Tyson lived in and around high-crime neighborhoods. According to an interview in , his first fight was with a bigger youth who had pulled the head off one of Tyson's pigeons. Tyson was repeatedly caught committing petty crimes and fighting those who ridiculed his high-pitched voice and . By the age of 13, he had been arrested 38 times. He ended up at the Tryon School for Boys in , New York. Tyson's emerging boxing ability was discovered there by , a juvenile detention center counselor and former boxer. Stewart considered Tyson to be an outstanding fighter and trained him for a few months before introducing him to . Tyson dropped out of high school as a junior. He would later be awarded an honorary from in 1989.
also trained Tyson, and he was occasionally assisted by , although Atlas was dismissed by D'Amato when Tyson was 15. Rooney eventually took over all training duties for the young fighter.
As an , Tyson won gold medals at the 1981 and 1982 Junior Olympic Games, defeating Joe Cortez in 1981 and beating Kelton Brown in 1982. Brown's corner threw in the towel in the first round.
He fought twice as an amateur, losing both bouts by decision. Tillman went on to win heavyweight gold at the in Los Angeles.
Rise to stardom
Tyson made his professional debut as an 18-year-old on March 6, 1985, in . He defeated Hector Mercedes via first round TKO. He had 15 bouts in his first year as a professional. Fighting frequently, Tyson won 26 of his first 28 fights by KO or TKO; 16 of those came in the first round. The quality of his opponents gradually increased to fighters and borderline contenders, like , , , , and . His win streak attracted media attention and Tyson was billed as the next great champion. D'Amato died in November 1985, relatively early into Tyson's professional career, and some speculate that his death was the catalyst to many of the troubles Tyson was to experience as his life and career progressed.
Tyson's first nationally bout took place on February 16, 1986, at in against journeyman heavyweight , and was carried by . Tyson knocked down Ferguson with an uppercut in the fifth round that broke Ferguson's nose. During the sixth round, Ferguson began to hold and clinch Tyson in an apparent attempt to avoid further punishment. After admonishing Ferguson several times to obey his commands to box, the finally stopped the fight near the middle of the sixth round. The fight was initially ruled a win for Tyson by (DQ) of his opponent. The ruling was "adjusted" to a win by (TKO) after Tyson's corner protested that a DQ win would end Tyson's string of knockout victories, and that a knockout would have been the inevitable result.
In July, after recording six more knockout victories, Tyson fought former world title challenger in on another ABC Sports broadcast. Tyson won easily, charging at Frazier at the opening bell and hitting him with an uppercut that knocked Frazier unconscious thirty seconds into the fight.
On November 22, 1986, Tyson was given his first title fight against for the (WBC) heavyweight championship. Tyson won the title by TKO in the second round, and at the age of 20 years and 4 months became the youngest heavyweight champion in history. Tyson's dominant performance brought many accolades. Donald Saunders wrote: "The noble and manly art of boxing can at least cease worrying about its immediate future, now [that] it has discovered a heavyweight champion fit to stand alongside Dempsey, Tunney, Louis, Marciano, and Ali."
Tyson intimidated fighters with his strength, combined with outstanding hand speed, accuracy, coordination and timing. Tyson also possessed notable defensive abilities, holding his hands high in the style taught by his mentor to slip under and weave around his opponent's punches while timing his own. One of Tyson's trademark moves was a right hook to his opponent's body followed by a right uppercut to his opponent's chin. Lorenzo Boyd, Jesse Ferguson and Jose Ribalta were each knocked down by this combination.
See also: , , and
Expectations for Tyson were extremely high, and he embarked on an ambitious campaign to fight all of the top heavyweights in the world. Tyson defended his title against on March 7, 1987, in Las Vegas, Nevada. He won by unanimous decision and added Smith's (WBA) title to his existing belt. "Tyson-mania" in the media was becoming rampant. He beat in May by TKO in the sixth round. On August 1 he took the (IBF) title from in a twelve round unanimous decision, with scores of 119–111, 118–113, and 116–112. He became the first heavyweight to own all three major belts – WBA, WBC, and IBF – at the same time. Another fight, in October of that year, ended with a victory for Tyson over 1984 Olympic super heavyweight gold medalist by TKO in the seventh round.
During this time, Tyson came to the attention of gaming company . After witnessing one of Tyson's fights, Nintendo of America president, was impressed by the fighter's "power and skill", prompting him to suggest Tyson be included in the upcoming port of the arcade game. In 1987, Nintendo released , which was well received and sold more than a million copies.
Tyson had three fights in 1988. He faced on January 22, 1988, and defeated the legendary former champion by KO in the fourth round. This was the only knockout loss Holmes suffered in 75 professional bouts. In March, Tyson then fought contender in Tokyo, Japan, fitting in an easy second round TKO victory amid promotional and marketing work.
On June 27, 1988, Tyson faced . Spinks, who had taken the heavyweight championship from via fifteen round decision in 1985, had not lost his title in the ring but was not recognized as champion by the major boxing organizations. Holmes had previously given up all but the IBF title, and that was eventually stripped from Spinks after he elected to fight Gerry Cooney (winning by TKO in the fifth round) rather than IBF Number 1 Contender Tony Tucker, as the Cooney fight provided him a larger purse. However, Spinks did become the lineal champion by beating Holmes and many (including magazine) considered him to have a legitimate claim to being the true heavyweight champion. The bout was, at the time, the richest fight in history and expectations were very high. Boxing pundits were predicting a titanic battle of styles, with Tyson's aggressive infighting conflicting with Spinks' skillful out-boxing and footwork. The fight ended after 91 seconds when Tyson knocked Spinks out in the first round; many consider this to be the pinnacle of Tyson's fame and boxing ability.
Controversy and upset
During this period, Tyson's problems outside the ring were also starting to emerge. His marriage to was heading for divorce, and his future contract was being fought over by and . In late 1988, Tyson parted with manager and fired longtime trainer , the man many credit for honing Tyson's craft after the death of D'Amato. Following Rooney's departure, critics alleged that Tyson began to use the Peek-a-Boo style sporadically. Tyson insisted he hadn't altered the style that made him a world champion. In 1989, Tyson had only two fights amid personal turmoil. He faced the popular British boxer in February. Bruno managed to stun Tyson at the end of the first round, although Tyson went on to knocked out Bruno in the fifth round. Tyson then knocked out in the first round in July.
By 1990, Tyson seemed to have lost direction, and his personal life was in disarray amidst reports of less vigorous training prior to the match. In a fight on February 11, 1990, he lost the undisputed championship to Douglas in Tokyo. Tyson was a huge betting favorite; indeed, the Mirage, the only casino to put out odds for the fight, made Tyson a 42/1 favorite. However, Douglas was at an emotional peak after losing his mother to a stroke 23 days prior to the fight; Douglas fought the fight of his life. Contrary to reports that Tyson was out of shape, it has been noted at the time of the fight that he had pronounced muscles, an absence of body fat and weighed 220 and 1/2 pounds, only two pounds more than he had weighed when he beat Michael Spinks 20 months earlier. Mentally, however, Tyson was unprepared. He failed to find a way past Douglas's quick jab that had a 12-inch (30 cm) reach advantage over his own. Tyson did catch Douglas with an uppercut in the eighth round and knocked him to the floor, but Douglas recovered sufficiently to hand Tyson a heavy beating in the subsequent two rounds. After the fight, the Tyson camp would complain that the count was slow and that Douglas had taken longer than ten seconds to get back on his feet. Just 35 seconds into the 10th round, Douglas unleashed a brutal uppercut, followed by a four-punch combination of hooks that sent Tyson to the canvas for the first time in his career. He was counted out by referee .
The knockout victory by Douglas over Tyson, the previously undefeated "baddest man on the planet" and arguably the most feared boxer in professional boxing at that time, has been described as one of the most shocking in modern sports history.
Main articles: , , , and
After the loss, Tyson recovered with a first round knockouts of and in his next two fights. Tyson's victory over Tillman, the 1984 Olympic heavyweight gold medalist, enabled Tyson to avenge his amateur losses at Tillman's hands. These bouts set up an elimination match for another shot at the undisputed world heavyweight championship, which had taken from Douglas in his first defense of the title.
Tyson, who was the number one contender, faced number two contender on March 18, 1991, in Las Vegas. Ruddock was seen as the most dangerous heavyweight around and was thought of as one of the hardest punching heavyweights. Tyson and Ruddock went back and forth for most of the fight, until referee controversially stopped the fight during the seventh round in favor of Tyson. This decision infuriated the fans in attendance, sparking a post-fight melee in the audience. The referee had to be escorted from the ring.
Tyson and Ruddock met again on June 28 that year, with Tyson knocking down Ruddock twice and winning a twelve round unanimous decision, with scores of 113–109, 114–108, and 114–108. A fight between Tyson and Holyfield for the undisputed championship was scheduled for November 8, 1991 at in Las Vegas, but Tyson pulled out after sustaining a rib cartilage injury during training.
Rape conviction, prison, and conversion
Tyson was arrested in July 1991 for the rape of 18-year-old Desiree Washington, , in an hotel room. Tyson's rape trial took place in the superior court from January 26 to February 10, 1992.
Partial corroboration of Washington's story came via testimony from Tyson's chauffeur, Virginia Foster, who confirmed Desiree Washington's state of shock after the incident. Further testimony came from Thomas Richardson, the emergency room physician who examined Washington more than 24 hours after the incident and confirmed that Washington's physical condition was consistent with rape.
Under lead defense lawyer 's direct examination, Tyson claimed that everything had taken place with Washington's full cooperation and he claimed not to have forced himself upon her. When he was cross-examined by lead prosecutor Gregory Garrison, Tyson denied claims that he had misled Washington and insisted that she wanted to have sex with him. Tyson was convicted on the rape charge on February 10, 1992 after the jury deliberated for nearly 10 hours.
, acting as Tyson's counsel, filed an appeal urging error of law in the Court's exclusion of evidence of the victim's past sexual conduct, the exclusion of three potential defense witnesses, and the lack of a jury instruction on honest and reasonable mistake of fact. The Indiana Court of Appeals ruled against Tyson in a 2–1 vote.
On March 26, 1992, Tyson was sentenced to six years in prison along with four years of probation. Despite being 25 years old at the time of the crime, he was assigned to the Indiana Youth Center (now the ) in April 1992, and he was released in March 1995 after serving less than three years of his six-year sentence. During his incarceration, Mike Tyson converted to and adopted the Muslim name Malik Abdul Aziz; other sources reported this name as Malik Shabazz.
Due to his conviction, Tyson was required to as a Tier II under
Main articles: ; ; ; and
After being paroled from prison, Tyson easily won his comeback bouts against and . Tyson's first comeback fight grossed more than US million worldwide, including a United States record million for television. The viewing of the fight was purchased by 1.52 million homes, setting both PPV viewership and revenue records. The 89-second fight elicited criticism that Tyson's management lined up "" to ensure easy victories for his return. included the Tyson-McNeeley fight in their list of the 50 Greatest TV Sports Moments of All Time in 1998.
Tyson regained one belt by easily winning the WBC title against in March 1996. It was the second fight between the two, and Tyson knocked out Bruno in the third round. In 1996, turned down a .5 million guarantee to fight Tyson. This would've been Lewis' highest fight purse to date. Lewis then accepted million from Don King to step aside and allow Tyson to fight for an expected million instead with the intention that if Tyson defeated Seldon, he would fight Lewis next. Tyson added the WBA belt by defeating champion Seldon in the first round in September that year. Seldon was severely criticized and mocked in the popular press for seemingly collapsing to innocuous punches from Tyson.
Tyson vs. Holyfield I
Tyson attempted to defend the WBA title against , who was in the fourth fight of his own comeback. Holyfield had retired in 1994 following the loss of his championship to . It was said that Don King and others saw former champion Holyfield, who was 34 at the time of the fight and a huge underdog, as a washed-up fighter.
On November 9, 1996, in Las Vegas, Nevada, Tyson faced Holyfield in a title bout dubbed "Finally". In a surprising turn of events, Holyfield, who was given virtually no chance to win by numerous commentators, defeated Tyson by TKO when referee stopped the bout in round eleven. Holyfield became the second boxer to win a heavyweight championship belt three times. Holyfield's victory was marred by allegations from Tyson's camp of Holyfield's frequent during the bout. Although the headbutts were ruled accidental by the referee, they would become a point of contention in the subsequent rematch.
Tyson vs. Holyfield II and aftermath
Tyson and Holyfield fought again on June 28, 1997. Originally, Halpern was supposed to be the referee, but after Tyson's camp protested, Halpern stepped aside in favor of . The highly anticipated rematch was dubbed The Sound and the Fury, and it was held at the Las Vegas , site of the first bout. It was a lucrative event, drawing even more attention than the first bout and grossing 0 million. Tyson received million and Holyfield million, the highest paid professional until 2007. The fight was purchased by 1.99 million households, setting a pay-per-view buy rate record that stood until the May 5, 2007, .
Soon to become one of the most controversial events in modern sports, the fight was stopped at the end of the third round, with Tyson disqualified for biting Holyfield on both ears. The first time Tyson bit him, the match was temporarily stopped. Referee deducted two points from Tyson and the fight resumed. However, after the match resumed, Tyson crunched again, resulting in his disqualification, and Holyfield won the match. One bite was severe enough to remove a piece of Holyfield's right ear, which was found on the ring floor after the fight. Tyson later stated that his actions were retaliation for Holyfield repeatedly him without penalty. In the confusion that followed the ending of the bout and announcement of the decision, a near riot occurred in the arena and several people were injured. Tyson Holyfield II was the first heavyweight title fight in over 50 years to end in a disqualification.
As a subsequent fallout from the incident, US million was immediately withheld from Tyson's -million purse by the Nevada state boxing commission (the most it could legally hold back at the time). Two days after the fight, Tyson issued a statement, apologizing to Holyfield for his actions and asked not to be banned for life over the incident. Tyson was roundly condemned in the news media but was not without defenders. Novelist and commentator wrote a column that criticized Holyfield's sportsmanship in the controversial bout and charged the news media with being biased against Tyson.
On July 9, 1997, Tyson's boxing license was rescinded by the in a unanimous voice vote; he was also fined US million and ordered to pay the legal costs of the hearing. As most state athletic commissions honor sanctions imposed by other states, this effectively made Tyson unable to box in the United States. The revocation was not permanent, as the commission voted 4–1 to restore Tyson's boxing license on October 18, 1998.
During his time away from boxing in 1998, Tyson made a guest appearance at as an for the main event match between and . During this time, Tyson was also an unofficial member of Michaels' , . Tyson was paid million for being guest enforcer of the match at WrestleMania XIV.
Main articles: and
In January 1999, Tyson returned to the ring for a match against the South African . This match also ended in controversy. While Botha initially controlled the fight, Tyson allegedly attempted to break Botha's arms during a tie-up and both boxers were cautioned by the referee in the ill-tempered bout. Botha was ahead on points on all scorecards and was confident enough to mock Tyson as the fight continued. Nonetheless, Tyson landed a straight right hand in the fifth round that knocked out Botha. Critics noticed Tyson stopped using the bob and weave defense altogether following this return.
Legal problems arose with Tyson once again. On February 5, 1999, Tyson was sentenced to a year's imprisonment, fined ,000, and ordered to serve two years along with undergoing 200 hours of for assaulting two motorists after a traffic accident on August 31, 1998. He served nine months of that sentence. After his release, he fought on October 23, 1999. Tyson knocked down Norris with a left hook thrown after the bell sounded to end the first round. Norris injured his knee when he went down and said that he was unable to continue. Consequently, the bout was ruled a .
"I'm the best ever. I'm the most brutal and vicious, the most ruthless champion there has ever been. There's no one can stop me. is a conqueror? No! I'm ! He's no Alexander! I'm the best ever. There's never been anyone as ruthless. I'm . I'm . There's no one like me. I'm from their cloth. There is no one who can match me. My style is impetuous, my defense is impregnable, and I'm just ferocious. I want your heart! I want to eat his children! Praise be to Allah!"
—Tyson's post-fight interview after knocking out 38 seconds into the bout in June 2000.
In 2000, Tyson had three fights. The first match was staged at the at Manchester, England against . Following controversy as to whether Tyson was allowed into the country, he took four minutes to knocked out Francis, ending the bout in the second round. He also fought in June 2000 in , winning in the first round; the fight lasted only 38 seconds. Tyson continued punching after the referee had stopped the fight, knocking the referee to the floor as he tried to separate the boxers. In October, Tyson fought the similarly controversial , winning in round three after Gołota was unable to continue due to a broken cheekbone, concussion, and neck injury. The result was later changed to no contest after Tyson refused to take a pre-fight drug test and then tested positive for in a post-fight urine test. Tyson fought only once in 2001, beating in Copenhagen by TKO in the seventh round.
Lewis vs. Tyson
Tyson once again had the opportunity to fight for a heavyweight championship in 2002. held the WBC, IBF, and titles at the time. As promising fighters, Tyson and Lewis had sparred at a training camp in a meeting arranged by Cus D'Amato in 1984. Tyson sought to fight Lewis in Nevada for a more lucrative box-office venue, but the Nevada Boxing Commission refused him a license to box as he was facing possible charges at the time.
Two years prior to the bout, Tyson had made several inflammatory remarks to Lewis in an interview following the Savarese fight. The remarks included the statement "I want your heart, I want to eat your children." On January 22, 2002, the two boxers and their entourages were involved in a brawl at a New York to publicize the planned event. A few weeks later, the Nevada State Athletic Commission refused to grant Tyson a license for the fight, and the promoters had to make alternative arrangements. After multiple states balked at granting Tyson a license, the fight eventually occurred on June 8 at the in . Lewis dominated the fight and knocked out Tyson with a right hand in the eighth round. Tyson was respectful after the fight and praised Lewis on his victory. This fight was the highest-grossing event in history at that time, generating 6.9 million from 1.95 million buys in the USA.
Later career, bankruptcy and retirement
In another Memphis fight on February 22, 2003, Tyson beat fringe contender 49 seconds into round one. The pre-fight was marred by rumors of Tyson's lack of fitness. Some said that he took time out from training to party in Las Vegas and get a new facial . This eventually proved to be Tyson's final professional victory in the ring.
In August 2003, after years of financial struggles, Tyson finally filed for bankruptcy.
On August 13, 2003, Tyson entered the ring for a face-to-face confrontation against fighting phenom, , immediately after Sapp's win against in Las Vegas. K-1 signed Tyson to a contract with the hopes of making a fight happen between the two, but Tyson's felony history made it impossible for him to obtain a visa to enter Japan, where the fight would have been most profitable. Alternative locations were discussed, but the fight ultimately failed to happen.
On July 30, 2004, Tyson had a match against British boxer in another comeback fight, and this time, staged in . Tyson dominated the opening two rounds. The third round was even, with Williams getting in some clean blows and also a few illegal ones, for which he was penalized. In the fourth round, Tyson was unexpectedly knocked out. After the fight, it was revealed that Tyson was trying to fight on one leg, having torn a in his other knee in the first round. This was Tyson's fifth career defeat. He underwent surgery for the ligament four days after the fight. His manager, , claimed that Tyson was unable to throw meaningful right-hand punches since he had a knee injury.
On June 11, 2005, Tyson stunned the boxing world by quitting before the start of the seventh round in a close bout against journeyman . In the 2008 documentary , he stated that he fought McBride for a payday, that he did not anticipate winning, that he was in poor physical condition and fed up with taking boxing seriously. After losing three of his last four fights, Tyson said he would quit boxing because he felt he had lost his passion for the sport.
When Tyson fired everyone working for him and got new accountants in 2000, they prepared a statement showing he started the year .3 million in the hole but made .7 million. "The problem was that I spent million that year,' Tyson said, "I just said to myself, Wow, this is over. Now I can go out and really have fun." In August 2007, Tyson pleaded guilty to drug possession and driving under the influence in an Arizona court, which stemmed from an arrest in December where authorities said Tyson, who has a long history of legal problems, admitted to using cocaine that day and to being addicted to the drug.
To help pay off his debts, Tyson returned to the ring in 2006 for a series of four-round exhibitions against journeyman heavyweight in Youngstown, Ohio. Tyson, without headgear at 5 ft 10.5 in and 216 pounds, was in quality shape, but far from his prime against Sanders, with headgear at 6 ft 8 in and 293 pounds, a loser of his last seven pro bouts and nearly blind from a detached in his left eye. Tyson appeared to be "holding back" in these exhibitions to prevent an early end to the "show". "If I don't get out of this financial quagmire there's a possibility I may have to be a punching bag for somebody. The money I make isn't going to help my bills from a tremendous standpoint, but I'm going to feel better about myself. I'm not going to be depressed", explained Tyson about the reasons for his "comeback".
A 1998 ranking of "The Greatest Heavyweights of All-Time" by placed Tyson at No.14 on the list. Despite criticism of facing underwhelming competition during his run as champion, Tyson's knockout power and intimidation factor made him the sport's most dynamic box office attraction. According to Douglas Quenqua of , "The [1990s] began with Mike Tyson, considered by many to be the last great heavyweight champion, losing his title to the little-known Buster Douglas. Seven years later, Mr. Tyson bit Evander Holyfield's ear in a heavyweight champion bout — hardly a proud moment for the sport."
In Ring Magazine's list of the 80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years, released in 2002, Tyson was ranked at No. 72. He is ranked No. 16 on Ring Magazine's 2003 list of 100 greatest punchers of all time.
On June 12, 2011, Tyson was inducted to the alongside legendary Mexican champion , light welterweight champion , and actor/screenwriter .
Life after boxingTyson in the ring at in October 2006
In an interview with published on June 3, 2005, Tyson said, "My whole life has been a waste – I've been a failure." He continued: "I just want to escape. I'm really embarrassed with myself and my life. I want to be a missionary. I think I could do that while keeping my dignity without letting people know they chased me out of the country. I want to get this part of my life over as soon as possible. In this country nothing good is going to come of me. People put me so high; I wanted to tear that image down." Tyson began to spend much of his time tending to his 350 pigeons in , an upscale enclave near .
Tyson has stayed in the limelight by promoting various websites and companies. In the past Tyson had shunned endorsements, accusing other athletes of putting on a false front to obtain them. Tyson has held entertainment boxing shows at a casino in Las Vegas and started a tour of exhibition bouts to pay off his numerous debts.
On December 29, 2006, Tyson was arrested in , on suspicion of and ; he nearly crashed into a police SUV shortly after leaving a nightclub. According to a police probable-cause statement, filed in Superior Court, "[Tyson] admitted to using [drugs] today and stated he is an addict and has a problem." Tyson pleaded not guilty on January 22, 2007 in Maricopa County Superior Court to felony drug possession and paraphernalia possession counts and two misdemeanor counts of driving under the influence of drugs. On February 8 he checked himself into an inpatient treatment program for "various addictions" while awaiting trial on the drug charges.
On September 24, 2007, Tyson pleaded guilty to possession of cocaine and driving under the influence. He was convicted of these charges in November 2007 and sentenced to 24 hours in jail. After his release, he was ordered to serve three years probation and undergo 360 hours community service. Prosecutors had requested a year-long jail sentence, but the judge praised Tyson for seeking help with his drug problems. On November 11, 2009, Tyson was arrested after getting into a scuffle at Los Angeles International airport with a photographer. No charges were filed.
Tyson has taken acting roles in movies and television, most famously playing a fictionalized version of himself in the 2009 film .
In September 2011, Tyson gave an interview in which he made comments about former Alaska governor that included crude and violent descriptions of interracial sex. These comments were then reprinted on the website. Journalist criticized Tyson and the Daily Caller over the comments, which she described as "smut" and "violence against women".
After debuting a in Las Vegas, Tyson teamed up with director and brought the show to in August 2012. In February 2013, Tyson took his one-man show Mike Tyson: Undisputed Truth on a 36-city, three-month national tour. Tyson talks about his personal and professional life on stage. The one-man show was aired on on November 16, 2013.
In October 2012, Tyson launched the Mike Tyson Cares Foundation. The mission of the Mike Tyson Cares Foundation is to "give kids a fighting chance" by providing innovative centers that provide for the comprehensive needs of kids from broken homes.
In August 2013, Tyson teamed up with Acquinity Interactive CEO Garry Jonas to form , a boxing promotions company, formerly known as Acquinity Sports.
In September 2013, Tyson was featured on a six-episode television series on that documented his personal and private life entitled "Being Mike Tyson".Tyson in February 2013
In November 2013, Tyson released his book Undisputed Truth, which also made it on . An animated series named , featuring Tyson solving mysteries in the style of , premiered on in late October 2014.
In early March 2015, Tyson appeared on the track "" on 's album . Tyson says some lines at the beginning of the song.
In late March 2015, was announced. With reprising his role as the titular character, 's martial arts master, , while Mike Tyson has been confirmed to join the cast. Principal photography began on March 25, 2015, and was premiered in Hong Kong on December 16, 2015.
In January 2017, Tyson launched his channel with , a comedy video and comedy music production company with young digital stars like and . Tyson's channel includes parody music videos and comedy sketches.
In May 2017, Tyson published his second book, Iron Ambition, which details his time with trainer and surrogate father .
In October 2017, Tyson was announced as the new face of Australian car servicing franchise . He has taken over from in fronting television commercials for the brand, and the first advert is due to air in January 2018 during the .
In February 2018, Tyson attended the international mixed martial arts (MMA) tournament in the city of . Tyson said: "as I have travelled all over the country of Russia I have realised that the people are very sensitive and kind. But most Americans do not have any experience of that."
Personal lifeThe gates of Tyson's mansion in , which he purchased and lived in during the 1980s.
Tyson resides in . He has been married three times. He has fathered seven children, one deceased, by three women; in addition to his biological children, Tyson includes the oldest daughter of his second wife as one of his own.
His first marriage was to actress , from February 7, 1988 to February 14, 1989. Givens was famous for her work on the sitcom . Tyson's marriage to Givens was especially tumultuous, with allegations of violence, and mental instability on Tyson's part. Matters came to a head when Tyson and Givens gave a joint interview with on the show in September 1988, in which Givens described life with Tyson as "torture, pure hell, worse than anything I could possibly imagine." Givens also described Tyson as "" on national television while Tyson looked on with an intent and calm expression. A month later, Givens announced that she was seeking a divorce from the allegedly abusive Tyson. They had no children but she reported having had a ; Tyson reports that she was never pregnant and only used that to get him to marry her. During their marriage, the couple lived in a mansion in .
His second marriage was to Monica Turner from April 19, 1997 to January 14, 2003. At the time of the divorce filing, Turner worked as a at in Washington, D.C. She is the sister of , the former and former Republican National Committee Chairman. Turner filed for divorce from Tyson in January 2002, claiming that he committed during their five-year marriage, an act that "has neither been forgiven nor condoned." The couple had two children; son Amir, and daughter Rayna.
On May 25, 2009, Tyson's four-year-old daughter Exodus was found by her seven-year-old brother Miguel, unconscious and tangled in a cord, dangling from an exercise treadmill. The child's mother untangled her, administered and called for medical attention. She died of her injuries on May 26, 2009.
Eleven days after his daughter's death, Tyson wed for the third time, to longtime girlfriend Lakiha "Kiki" Spicer, age 32, exchanging vows on Saturday, June 6, 2009, in a short, private ceremony at the La Bella Wedding Chapel at the Las Vegas Hilton. They have two children; daughter, Milan, and son, Morocco.
Tyson has been diagnosed with .
In March 2011, Tyson appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show to discuss his new reality series, Taking on Tyson. In the interview with DeGeneres, Tyson discussed some of the ways he had improved his life in the past two years, including sober living and a diet. However, in August 2013 he admitted publicly that he had lied about his sobriety and was on the verge of death from . In December 2013, during an interview with Fox News, Tyson talked about his progress with sobriety and how being in the company of good people has made him want to be a better and more humble person. Tyson also talked about religion and said that he is very grateful to be a Muslim and that he needs Allah. He also revealed that he is no longer vegan after four years.
In 2015, Tyson announced that he was supporting 's presidential candidacy.
In popular culture
At the height of his fame and career in the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s, Tyson was one of the most recognized sports personalities in the world. Apart from his many sporting accomplishments, his outrageous and controversial behavior in the ring and in his private life has kept him in the public eye and in the courtroom. As such, Tyson has appeared in myriad popular media in in film and television. He has also been featured in video games and as a subject of or satire.
The single "" was written about Tyson's rape trial and conviction.' 1992 song "Say Gal" also addressed the rape trial.
The film was released in 1995 and was directed by . It explores the life of Mike Tyson, from the death of his guardian and trainer to his rape conviction. Tyson is played by .
Published in 2007, author Joe Layden's book The Last Great Fight: The Extraordinary Tale of Two Men and How One Fight Changed Their Lives Forever, chronicled the lives of Tyson and Douglas before and after their heavyweight championship fight.
In 2008, the documentary premiered at the annual in France.
He is the titular character in , which started airing on October 27, 2014 on . In the show, Tyson voices a fictionalized version of himself.
In 2016, Tyson starred in the documentary film where he discussed his time involved in .
Professional boxing recordProfessional record summary 58 fights 50 wins 6 losses By knockout 44 5 By decision 5 0 By disqualification 1 1 No contests 2 No. Result Record Opponent Type Round, time Date Location Notes 58 Loss 50–6 (2) TKO 6 (10), 3:00 , , U.S. 57 Loss 50–5 (2) KO 4 (10), 2:51 , , U.S. 56 Win 50–4 (2) KO 1 (10), 0:49 The Pyramid, Memphis, Tennessee, U.S. 55 Loss 49–4 (2) KO 8 (12), 2:25 , , U.S. For WBC, IBF, , The Ring, and lineal heavyweight titles 54 Win 49–3 (2) RTD 7 (10), 3:00 , , Denmark 53 NC 48–3 (2) RTD 3 (10), 3:00 , , U.S. Originally an RTD win for Tyson, later ruled an NC after he failed a drug test 52 Win 48–3 (1) TKO 1 (10), 0:38 , , Scotland 51 Win 47–3 (1) TKO 2 (10), 1:03 , , England 50 NC 46–3 (1) NC 1 (10), 3:00 MGM Grand Garden Arena, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. NC after Norris was unable to continue from a Tyson foul 49 Win 46–3 KO 5 (10), 2:59 MGM Grand Garden Arena, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. 48 Loss 45–3 DQ 3 (12), 3:00 MGM Grand Garden Arena, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. For WBA heavyweight title;
Tyson disqualified for biting 47 Loss 45–2 TKO 11 (12), 0:37 MGM Grand Garden Arena, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. Lost WBA heavyweight title 46 Win 45–1 TKO 1 (12), 1:49 MGM Grand Garden Arena, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. Won WBA heavyweight title 45 Win 44–1 TKO 3 (12), 0:50 MGM Grand Garden Arena, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. Won WBC heavyweight title 44 Win 43–1 KO 3 (12), 2:32 , , U.S. 43 Win 42–1 DQ 1 (10), 1:29 , Paradise, Nevada, U.S. McNeeley disqualified after his manager entered the ring 42 Win 41–1 UD 12 The Mirage, Paradise, Nevada, U.S. 41 Win 40–1 TKO 7 (12), 2:22 , Paradise, Nevada, U.S. 40 Win 39–1 TKO 1 (10), 2:27 Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 39 Win 38–1 KO 1 (10), 2:47 , , U.S. 38 Loss 37–1 KO 10 (12), 1:22 Tokyo Dome, Tokyo, Japan Lost WBA, WBC, IBF, The Ring, and lineal heavyweight titles 37 Win 37–0 TKO 1 (12), 1:33 Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. Retained WBA, WBC, IBF, The Ring, and lineal heavyweight titles 36 Win 36–0 TKO 5 (12), 2:55 Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S. Retained WBA, WBC, IBF, The Ring, and lineal heavyweight titles 35 Win 35–0 KO 1 (12), 1:31 Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. Retained WBA, WBC, and IBF heavyweight titles;
Won and 34 Win 34–0 TKO 2 (12), 2:54 , , Japan Retained WBA, WBC, and IBF heavyweight titles 33 Win 33–0 KO 4 (12), 2:55 Convention Hall, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. Retained WBA, WBC, and IBF heavyweight titles 32 Win 32–0 TKO 7 (15), 2:59 , Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. Retained WBA, WBC, and IBF heavyweight titles 31 Win 31–0 UD 12 Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S. Retained WBA and WBC heavyweight titles;
Won 30 Win 30–0 TKO 6 (12), 2:00 Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester Nevada, U.S. Retained WBA and WBC heavyweight titles 29 Win 29–0 UD 12 Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S. Retained WBC heavyweight title;
Won 28 Win 28–0 TKO 2 (12), 2:35 Las Vegas Hilton, Winchester, Nevada, U.S. Won 27 Win 27–0 TKO 2 (10), 1:41 Sep 6, 1986 , , U.S. 26 Win 26–0 José Ribalta TKO 10 (10), 1:37 Aug 17, 1986 Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 25 Win 25–0 KO 1 (10), 0:30 Civic Center, Glens Falls, New York, U.S. 24 Win 24–0 Lorenzo Boyd KO 2 (10), 1:43 Jul 11, 1986 Stevensville Hotel, , U.S. 23 Win 23–0 William Hosea KO 1 (10), 2:03 Jun 28, 1986 Houston Field House, Troy, New York, U.S. 22 Win 22–0 TKO 1 (10), 2:36 Jun 13, 1986 Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S. 21 Win 21–0 UD 10 , New York City, New York, U.S. 20 Win 20–0 UD 10 May 3, 1986 , , U.S. 19 Win 19–0 Steve Zouski KO 3 (10), 2:39 Mar 10, 1986 , , U.S. 18 Win 18–0 TKO 6 (10), 1:19 Feb 16, 1986 , , U.S. Originally a DQ win for Tyson, later ruled a TKO 17 Win 17–0 Mike Jameson TKO 5 (8), 0:46 Jan 24, 1986 Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 16 Win 16–0 TKO 1 (10), 2:16 Jan 11, 1986 Plaza Convention Center, Albany, New York, U.S. 15 Win 15–0 Mark Young TKO 1 (10), 0:50 Dec 27, 1985 Coliseum, Latham, New York, U.S. 14 Win 14–0 Sammy Scaff TKO 1 (10), 1:19 Dec 6, 1985 , , New York, U.S. 13 Win 13–0 Conroy Nelson TKO 2 (8), 0:30 Nov 22, 1985 Coliseum, Latham, New York, U.S. 12 Win 12–0 Eddie Richardson KO 1 (8), 1:17 Nov 13, 1985 Ramada Hotel, , U.S. 11 Win 11–0 Sterling Benjamin TKO 1 (8), 0:54 Nov 1, 1985 Coliseum, , U.S. 10 Win 10–0 Robert Colay KO 1 (8), 0:37 Oct 25, 1985 Atlantis Hotel and Casino, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 9 Win 9–0 Donnie Long TKO 1 (6), 1:28 Oct 9, 1985 Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 8 Win 8–0 Michael Johnson KO 1 (6), 0:39 Sep 5, 1985 , Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 7 Win 7–0 Lorenzo Canady KO 1 (6), 1:05 Aug 15, 1985 Steel Pier, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 6 Win 6–0 Larry Sims KO 3 (6), 2:04 Jul 19, 1985 , , U.S. 5 Win 5–0 John Alderson TKO 2 (6), 3:00 Jul 11, 1985 , Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S. 4 Win 4–0 Ricardo Spain TKO 1 (6), 0:39 Jun 20, 1985 , , U.S. 3 Win 3–0 Don Halpin KO 4 (4), 1:04 May 23, 1985 Albany, New York, U.S. 2 Win 2–0 Trent Singleton TKO 1 (4), 0:52 Apr 10, 1985 Albany, New York, U.S. 1 Win 1–0 Hector Mercedes TKO 1 (4), 1:47 Mar 6, 1985 , , U.S. Professional debut
PPV home television
This section of a needs additional for . Please help by adding . Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially or harmful. (November 2016)No. Date Fight Billing Buys Network 1
June 27, 1988Tyson vs. Spinks 700,000 King Vision 2
March 18, 1991Tyson vs. Ruddock 959,000 King Vision 3
June 28, 1991Tyson vs. Ruddock II 1,250,000 King Vision 4
August 19, 1995Tyson vs. McNeeley 1,550,000 Showtime/King Vision 5
March 16, 1996Bruno vs. Tyson II 1,370,000 Showtime/King Vision 6
September 7, 1996Seldon vs. Tyson 1,150,000 Showtime/King Vision 7
November 9, 1996Tyson vs. Holyfield 1,590,000 Showtime/King Vision 8
June 28, 1997Holyfield vs. Tyson II 1,990,000 Showtime/King Vision 9
Jan 16, 1999Tyson vs. Botha 750,000 Showtime 10
October 20, 2000Tyson vs. Golota 450,000 Showtime 11
June 8, 2002Lewis vs. Tyson 1,970,000 HBO/Showtime 12
February 22, 2003Tyson vs. Etienne 100,000 Showtime 13
July 30, 2004Tyson vs. Williams 150,000 Showtime 14
June 11, 2005Tyson vs. McBride 250,000 Showtime
Closed-circuit theatre TV
Select boxing buy rates at American venues:Date Fight Buys Revenue Revenue (inflation) June 27, 1988 7005800000000000000♠800,000 ,000,000 ,210,000 June 28, 1997 7005120000000000000♠120,000 ,000,000 ,720,000
Awards and honors
The in Wilberforce, Ohio, in 1989 awarded Tyson an honorary : "Mike demonstrates that hard work, determination and perseverance can enable one to overcome any obstacles."
- ^ Berkow, Ira (1995), "", , Sports Desk, Late Edition – Final, Section 8, Page 1, Column 2, March 26, 1995.
- Lewis, Darren (November 15, 2005). . . Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- J, Jenna (August 22, 2013). . Doghouse Boxing. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Paul, Rob. . CelebHeights. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- . Archived from on February 17, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2016.
- . Cyber Boxing Zone. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Sandomir, Richard (August 5, 2003). "Tyson's Bankruptcy Is a Lesson In Ways to Squander a Fortune". The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
- McIntyre, Jay (September 1, 2014). . Boxingnews24.com. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- Boyd, Todd (2008). . ABC-CLIO. p. 235. . Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- Eisele, Andrew (2007). . . Retrieved June 17, 2010.
- . boxrec.com.
- Eisele, Andrew (2003). . . Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- Houston, Graham (2007). . ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- . Sky Sports. Retrieved October 31, 2015.
- Berkow, Ira (May 21, 2002). . . Archived from on January 18, 2009. Retrieved January 18, 2009.
- . . February 22, 1990. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- Costello, Mike (December 18, 2013). . . Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- . USA Today.
- (PDF), Charlotte-Mecklenburg Planning Department
- . The Charlotte Observer.
- ^ Puma, Mike., , .com, October 10, 2005. Retrieved March 27, 2007
- . The Charlotte Observer.
- . BookRags.
- April 4, 2012, at the .. Kjkolb.tripod.com. Retrieved on November 25, 2011.
- Tannenbaum, Rob (December 4, 2013). . Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- . Johnson Publishing. 1989. p. 28.
- ^ . The New York Times. April 25, 1989. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
- , NetWorthCity.com. Retrieved May 30, 2014.
- , N.Y. Times article, 1990-05-01, Retrieved on August 10, 2013
- ^ , Cyberboxingzone.com Boxing record. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- Hornfinger, , SaddoBoxing.com. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Oates, Joyce C., , via author's website, November 22, 1986. Retrieved March 11, 2007.
- Pinnington, Samuel., February 4, 2007, at the ., Britishboxing.net, January 31, 2007. Retrieved March 11, 2007.
- Houston, Graham. . ESPN. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
- Para, Murali., April 18, 2012, at the ., Eastsideboxing.com, September 25. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- . SugarBoxing.com. February 1, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
- ^ Richmann , Saddoboxing.com, February 24, 2006. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Berger, Phil (1987), "Tyson Unifies W.B.C.-W.B.A. Titles", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section 5, Page 1, Column 4, March 8, 1987.
- Bamonte, Bryan (June 10, 2005). (PDF). . pp. 12, 9. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Berger, Phil (1987), "Tyson Retains Title On Knockout In Sixth", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section 5, Page 1, Column 2, May 31, 1987.
- Berger, Phil (1987), "Boxing — Tyson Undisputed And Unanimous Titlist", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section 1, Page 51, Column 1, August 2, 1987.
- Berger, Phil (1987), "Tyson Retains Title In 7 Rounds", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section 1, Page 51, Column 1, October 17, 1987.
- . N-Sider. Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- Berger, Phil (1988), "Tyson Keeps Title With 3 Knockdowns in Fourth", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section 1, Page 47, Column 5, January 23, 1988.
- Shapiro, Michael. (1988), "Tubbs's Challenge Was Brief and Sad", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section A, Page 29, Column 1, March 22, 1988.
- Jake Donovan. . BoxingScene.
- Berger, Phil. (1988), "Tyson Knocks Out Spinks at 1:31 of Round 1", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section B, Page 7, Column 5, June 28, 1988.
- Simmons, Bill (June 11, 2002). . ESPN. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- ^ , AP via , June 2, 1989. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- , , January 20, 1989. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Dettloff, William (December 20, 2010). . The Ring. Archived from on December 10, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- Berger, Phil (June 24, 1991). . The New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- Berger, Phil (November 20, 1991). . The New York Times. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- , TV. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- Berger, Phil (1989), "Tyson Stuns Williams With Knockout in 1:33", , Sports Desk, Late Edition-Final, Section 1, Page 45, Column 2, July 22, 1989.
- . ESPN.
- ^ Kincade, Kevin., November 30, 2010, at the ., Eastsideboxing.com, July 12, 2005. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- Schaap, Jeremy. . ESPN.
- Phil, Berger (February 13, 1990). . The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Bellfield, Lee., , Saddoboxing.com, February 16, 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2007.
- Staff, , .com, May 23, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- . Herald Sun. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Berger, Phil (1990), "Tyson Wins in 1st Round", , Sports Desk, Late Edition-Final, Section 8, Page 7, Column 4, June 17, 1990.
- Berger, Phil (1990), "BOXING; Tyson Scores Round 1 Victory", , Sports Desk, Late Edition-Final, Section 8, Page 1, Column 5, December 9, 1990.
- . The Independent. October 28, 2015.
- Bellfield, Lee., , Saddoboxing.com, March 13, 2005. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- Berger, Phil (1991), "Tyson Floors Ruddock Twice and Wins Rematch", , Sports Desk, Late Edition-Final, Section 1, Page 29, Column 5, June 29, 1991.
- . (in Italian). March 20, 1991. p. 43.
- Shipp, E. R. (March 27, 1992). . The New York Times. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
- Heller, Peter (August 21, 1995). . Da Capo Press. pp. 414–. . Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Great American Trials; The Mike Tyson Trial, 1992; ; Copyright 1994; New England Publishing Associates Inc.
- Muscatine, Alison., , via MIT-The Tech, February 11, 1992. Retrieved March 11, 2007.
- ^ . leagle.com.
- Shipp, E. R. (March 27, 1992). . The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- . . April 16, 1992. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
- Putnam, Pat (March 25, 1995). . . Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- Holley, David (September 16, 2005). . . . Retrieved July 21, 2017.
- (in Russian). . . Retrieved July 21, 2017
- . biography.com.
- Usborne, David (March 27, 1995). . . Independent Print Ltd. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
- . The Daily Telegraph. April 3, 2002.
- . The Arizona Republic. Azcentral.com. November 19, 2007.
- . Buffalo Chronicle. November 11, 2014.
- Friess, Steve (April 17, 2015). . TakePart.
- , AP via , September 1, 2005. Retrieved March 31, 2007.
- Sandomir, Richard (1995), "TV SPORTS; Who Must Tyson Face Next? A Finer Brand of Tomato Can", , Sports Desk, Late Edition – Final, Section B, Page 8, Column 1, August 22, 1995.
- "50 Greatest TV Sports Moments of All Time", , July 11, 1998
- Bellfield, Lee., , Saddoboxing.com, March 18, 2005. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- . The New York Times. July 4, 1996. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
- Gordon, Randy., , Cyberboxingzone.com, September 4, 1996. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- Cohen, Andrew., , What is Enlightenment Magazine, Issue No. 15, 1999. Retrieved March 25, 2007. May 12, 2008, at the .
- Shetty, Sanjeev., , Sports, December 26, 2001. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
- Katsilometes, John., , , November 10, 1996. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
- ^ , AP via , June 26, 1997. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
- ^ , Sports, October 4, 1999. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, June 29, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, June 25, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- ^ Dahlberg, Tim. , AP via , May 9, 2007. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
- ^ Umstead, R. Thomas (February 26, 2007). . Multichannel News. Archived from on December 15, 2007. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- May 27, 2006, at the ., .com. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, June 29, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- Buffery, Steve., , The via Slam! Boxing, June 29, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, June 29, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- YouTube .
- Buffery, Steve., , The via Slam! Boxing, June 29, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, July 30, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, July 30, 1997. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- Dunn, Katherine. , via cyberboxingzone.com, July 9, 1997. Retrieved April 18, 2007.
- , AP via Slam! Boxing, July 9, 1997. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
- , ESPN, January 29, 2002. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
- , News, January 17, 1999. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- . . June 1, 2002. Retrieved September 9, 2013.
- , News, February 6, 1999. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Feour, Royce., , , October 24, 1999. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- . YouTube (February 4, 2006). Retrieved on November 25, 2011.
- , Sport, January 30, 2000. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- , Sport, June 25, 2000. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- Gregg, John., October 11, 2007, at the ., BoxingTimes.com, October 20, 2000. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- . October 22, 2000.
- . (2001), "PLUS: BOXING; Tyson Tests Positive For Marijuana", , Sports Desk, Late City Final Edition, Section D, Page 5, Column 4, January 19, 2001.
- , Sport, October 14, 2001. Retrieved March 25, 2007.
- Rafael, Dan., , , June 3, 2002. Retrieved April 25, 2007.
- , .ca, January 12, 2007. Retrieved April 25, 2007.
- York, Anthony., May 13, 2008, at the ., , June 28, 2000. Retrieved March 26, 2007.
- AP, , .com, January 22, 2002. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- , Sport, June 9, 2002. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- , AP via , February 22, 2003. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- , Sport, August 3, 2002. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- In re Michael G. Tyson, Chapter 11 petition, August 1, 2003, case no. 03-41900-alg, U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York.
- . The Boxing Hype.
- . Tysontalk.com (April 15, 2004). Retrieved on November 25, 2011.
- , Sports, July 31, 2004. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- , Sports, July 31, 2004. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- , Sport, June 12, 2005. Retrieved March 14, 2007.
- ^ . Daily Mail.
- . Reuters.
- . Tyson Talk.
- Rozenberg, Sammy. . Boxing Scene. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
- The Editors of Ring Magazine. (1999). The 1999 Boxing Almanac and Book of Facts. Ft. Washington, Pennsylvania: London Publishing Co. p. 132.
- Campbell, Brian (June 8, 2011). . ESPN. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- Quenqua, Douglas (March 14, 2012). . The New York Times. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- . Boxing.about.com. April 9, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- . Boxing.about.com. April 9, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- January 26, 2011, at the .. Ibhof.com (December 7, 2010). Retrieved on November 25, 2011.
- Saraceno, Jon., , .com, June 2, 2005. Retrieved March 11, 2007.
- , AP via .com, June 22, 2005. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Henderson, Kenneth. February 12, 2008, at the ., ringsidereport.com, June 20, 2002. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
- Saraceno, Jon., , , June 6, 2002. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- Birch, Paul., , Sports, September 13, 2002. Retrieved April 27, 2007.
- , Sports, September 29, 2006. Retrieved March 27, 2007.
- Gaynor, Tim., , via Yahoo.com, December 30, 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
- Khan, Chris., September 29, 2007, at the ., AP via , February 8, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
- BBC NEWS, , news.bbc.com, November 19, 2007. Retrieved November 19, 2007.
- Eng, Joyce. . TV Guide.
- Weiner, Jonah (August 30, 2012). "Mike Tyson speaks out". Rolling Stone. p. 28.
- Scheck, Frank (August 2, 2012). . Retrieved August 29, 2012.
- . tysonontour.com. Archived from on March 28, 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- . Archived from on October 20, 2011.
- Iole, Kevin (September 17, 2013). . . Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- Ecksel, Robert (September 21, 2013). . Boxing.com. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- Mallenbaum, Carly (October 26, 2014). . USA Today. p. U1. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- . Rolling Stone.
- . IGN. March 24, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Sam Gutelle (February 24, 2017). . tubefilter.com. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- Todd Spangler (February 24, 2017). . Variety. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- , Blue Rider Press
- Moran, Jonathon (October 27, 2017). . The Daily Telegraph. News Corp Australia.
- Kelly, Vivienne (January 4, 2018). . www.mumbrella.com.au. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- . The Sun. February 25, 2018.
- . American Urbex. August 11, 2011.
- Doug Elfman (March 11, 2016). . Las Vegas Review-Journal.
- ^ Merkin, Daphne (March 15, 2011). . The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- ^ . . 1989. Archived from on May 15, 2007. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- , AP via , September 30, 1988. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- Berger, Phil (October 26, 1988). . The New York Times. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
- Gross, Ken. , , October 17, 1988. Retrieved March 21, 2011. "The food lies untouched. The only sounds across the breakfast table in the Bernardsville, N.J., mansion are the loud silences of words being swallowed.Finally, Robin Givens, 24, star of the ABC-TV sitcom Head of the Class, pushes herself away from the table and announces, 'I have to pack.' 'Me, too,' says her husband, Mike Tyson, 22, the world heavyweight boxing champion. Suddenly the Sunday morning atmosphere is tense and full of menace."
- via . , , June 12, 2005. Retrieved March 21, 2011. "Oct. 2, 1988 – Police go to Tyson's Bernardsville, N.J., home after he hurls furniture out the window and forces Givens and her mother to flee the house."
- . . 2003. Archived from on January 13, 2008. Retrieved April 24, 2007.
- ^ , . Retrieved March 30, 2007.
- Zeleny, Jeff; Lorber, Janie. . The New York Times.
- . CNN. May 26, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- . CNN. May 27, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- . TV Guide. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- Schaap, Jeremy (September 13, 2006). . ABC News. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- . UrbLife.com. March 8, 2011.
- Iole, Kevin (August 25, 2013). . . Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- ^ . Fox News. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
- . USA Today. October 27, 2015.
- August 27, 2006, at the ., .com. Retrieved April 1, 2007.
- . The Indianapolis Recorder (Page B4). Hoosier State Chronicles. August 27, 1994. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
- Griffin, Gil (May 15, 1992). . The Washington Post.
- . IMDb. January 1, 2000.
- . Adult Swim. Archived from on September 7, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
- Werner, Barry (January 30, 2016). . Fox Sports. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- Emen, Jake (October 30, 2011). . . Archived from on November 24, 2011. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- ^ . . July 2, 1988.
- Asher, Mark (July 5, 1997). . .
- . . . August 24, 2017.
- (in Italian). International Sport Movies TV Federation. July 6, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
- . WWE. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
External linksSporting positions Amateur boxing titles Previous:
Jerry Goff World boxing titles Preceded by
– Succeeded by
– February 11, 1990 Preceded by
– February 11, 1990 Vacant
Title last held by
August 1, 1987 – February 11, 1990 Preceded by
Title discontinued until 2002 Vacant
Title next held by
June 27, 1988 – February 11, 1990 Succeeded by
Buster Douglas Preceded by
WBC heavyweight champion
– September 24, 1996
Title next held byLennox Lewis Preceded by
WBA heavyweight champion
– Succeeded by
Evander Holyfield Previous:
Evander Holyfield The Ring Fighter of the Year
Julio César Chávez BWAA Fighter of the Year
vs. Michael Spinks
Lupe Gutierrez vs.
Round 12 Previous:
vs. Evander Holyfield